Excerpt from The Economics of Anarchy: A Study of the Industrial Type
All sociologists claim that progress has consisted in departure from com pulsory to voluntary cc-operation; from the reign of militant measures to what is termed the industrial type, Wherein self-reliance and free cc-operation directs; from the inequalities of privileged and restricted classes to the equality of equal freedom to natural opportunities; in short, to use the concise statement of Herbert Spencer, from a regime of status to a regime of contract. In the social order militancy and industrialism, therefore, represent past and future types; the first wherein war is the normal direction of human activity; the other where peace must prevail for healthful development. Following this guiding principle let us endeavor to group the salient points of progress from militant rule to industrial requirements in order to see more clearly not only in what direction we are tending, but also what methods are not conducive to that end. Starting with the fact that social evolution is chieﬂy characterized by a transition from warlike to peaceful pursuits, that from generation to genera tion activity has been turning from conquest over fellowmen to conquest over nature for men, we see at once that methods characterizing an outgrown phase of life are inappropriate to the end toward which progress has been made.
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